SDN and NFV Era
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Network Requirements for Telco (NFV) Clouds

by Juniper Employee ‎02-20-2017 01:02 PM - edited ‎02-25-2017 11:43 AM

The network fabric is an integral element of the NFV Infrastructure (NFVI), as defined by the ETSI architectural framework for building NFV clouds. In my previous blog in this series, I mentioned that the architectural blocks required for building the network fabric for an NFV cloud are similar to those used by cloud providers for building their cloud offerings. Let’s examine what these are:


A Resilient, Scaled-Out, Open IP Fabric for underlay:


While Layer 2 technologies can certainly be leveraged to build small clouds, cloud providers have settled on Layer 3 designs to build scaled-out leaf-spine data center fabrics. IP based fabrics offer better scalability, often scaling to 1000’s of racks. NFV solutions offer the promise of elasticity, which is the ability to turn up services (VNF’s) on demand. Service Providers building Telco Clouds may start with a small footprint, but need to ensure that the underlay design allows for future growth and IP fabrics are better suited to build scaled out clouds. The QFX portfolio provides rich suite of standard based protocols with ECMP based load balancing to build a scaled out underlay.


Service providers currently provide network functions on dedicated hardware appliances which offer carrier grade reliability. As these services migrate to a virtualized delivery model, the demands for 5 9’s reliability from customers is not relaxed. Service providers who do not place enough importance to the need for always-on service risk customer attrition and loss of revenue. While carrier grade reliability places demands on the VNF’s themselves and requires a holistic approach to delivery, the network plays a crucial role in offering an always-on service.


Tenant Isolation with Network Virtualization:


The NFV service delivery models allow for multiple tenants to be hosted on the same NFVI (NFV Infrastructure). For example with NFVIaaS, multiple service providers may be hosted on the same cloud infrastructure, each providing their NFV services. On the other hand, even in a single tenant environment, individual VNF’s may need to be isolated. For example network slicing is a key tenet of the emerging 5G radio access standard. In all of these scenarios it is paramount that the physical network is capable of hosting virtualized network slices and that the traffic in each slice is 100% isolated.


Another important thing to keep in mind is that while it is true that the full agility of NFV can be exploited if the VNF’s are hosted on virtualized compute, we certainly see VNF’s being hosted on bare metal compute. In this scenario the edge of the network slice will originate and terminate on the ToR switch connected to the bare metal compute and not on the vSwitch or vRouter residing on the hypervisor. A key requirement for the network fabric in a NFV deployment is to provide seamless interconnectivity between VNF’s hosted on virtualized and bare metal compute.


Finally, the network should also be able to support service chaining of VNF’s to build a customizable service.


Enabler for VNF Migration:


Telco Clouds needs to support the live migration of VNF’s within a data center and across data centers. Workload migration may be initiated to balance the load on the compute resources, in response to failure of a compute resource or during maintenance windows. While a big onus, to provide the capability, resides on the VNF and the management and orchestration layers of the Telco Cloud, the network fabric comprising of the leaf, spine and edge routers needs to be an enabler for supporting this flexibility.




SDN and NFV are complementary technologies. The full potential of NFV relies on the ability to turn up and turn down services at the velocity of a few clicks on a web portal. Business intent or customer intent must translate into action in the network in an automated way and not rely on an army of network staff to provision the network. To achieve this the network layer must


  • Provide a comprehensive programmable interface: Every action (configuration or operation) that can be undertaken via a CLI should be available via a programmatic interface that facilitates automation. Moreover these programmable interfaces should be standards based where standards exist. For example in order to enable vendor neutral automation of the network, the network gear must support the YANG models published by OpenConfig and IETF.
  • Be Open: The network layer should be built on open standard based technologies that allow for easy integration with any open SDN controllers that the service provides chooses. Any proprietary solution that locks in the service provider to a closed solution will prevent them from best of breed selections and likely be more expensive in the long run.
  • Easily Integrate with Automation Platforms: There are many open source efforts (and certainly a few startups) that have spawned in recent years that provide platforms for automation of networking resources – Ansible and SaltStack being few of them. The network should integrate easily with the best of breed automation regime of choice that service providers decide to deploy.

Hardened for the COLO:


Telco clouds require customer proximity and would be hosted in the 100’s of COLO locations, rather than a few national or regional data centers. The network switches should be GR-63-CORE and GR-1089-Core compliant and built to meet the stringent physical and electrical demands for deployment in Telco clouds.


We would love to have a dialogue on how Juniper can help you with your NFV deployment needs. In my next blog, I will detail how the QFX portfolio of switches from Juniper can help you build scalable, open, elastic and programmable Telco clouds. 


For more information on Juniper QFX Series Switches, click here.

For more information on ETSI requirements for Network Infrastructure, click here.

For more information on NFV use cases defined by ETSI, click here.

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About the Author
  • Prior to Juniper acquisition, Ankur was the Founder and CEO of Contrail Systems Inc - a pioneer in standards based network virtualization and scale-out networking software. Ankur has over 15 years of experience in building world-class networking products and leading high performance teams. Prior to Contrail, Ankur served as Chief Technology Officer and VP of Engineering at Aruba Networks, where he played critical roles in the rapid expansion of team, products, and global businesses. Before Aruba, Ankur helped drive Juniper’s initial entry into and expansion of the Ethernet Switching market. Ankur received his MSEE from Stanford University & BSEE from the University of Southern California.
  • David Noguer Bau is the head of Telco Vertical Marketing at the SP Strategic Marketing team in Juniper Networks. He has extensive experience in Service Provider network evolution and regularly runs executive sessions with technical and marketing teams of important telecom operators to accelerate the adoption of virtualisation. David is based in Barcelona and has over 15 years of experience in the telecommunications sector. Prior joining Juniper Networks, Mr. Noguer Bau spent seven years at Nortel where he was a Business Development Manager specializing in Carrier Ethernet and Broadband areas. Before Nortel he worked at Eicon-Dialogic as Technical Manager in Spain. David has been the Country Marketing Chair at Metro Ethernet Forum for Spain. Mr. Noguer has wide experience speaking at international Conferences. He was graduated as Computer Engineer by Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB) and has an executive MBA from EADA Barcelona and executive education at the Thunderbird School of Global Management (Arizona) and the Henley Business School (UK). The views expressed here are my personal opinions , have not been reviewed or authorized by Juniper Networks and do not necessarily represent the views of Juniper Networks.
  • Donyel Jones-Williams is the Director of Service Provider Product Marketing Management overseeing all of Juniper's Service Provider Products for Juniper Networks. In this role, he leads all of the internal and external marketing activities for Juniper with respect to routing, automation, SDN and NFV. Prior to joining Juniper Networks in January 2014, Donyel was a Senior Product Line Manager for Cisco Systems with in the High End Optical Routing Group managing product lifecycle for multiple products lines helping telecom providers operate efficiently and effectively including; ONS 155xx Product Family, ONS 15216, ONS 15454 MSTP, Carrier Packet Transport Product Family, ME 2600x, & ASR 9000v. He also negotiated favorable agreements with 3rd-party vendors furnishing components and parts and conducted both outbound and inbound marketing (webinars, case study-development, developed and delivered both business & technical at Cisco Live 2005-2012). Donyel graduated from California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo with a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science. While attending Cal Poly SLO he was a collegiate student athlete playing football as a wide receiver and a key member of the National Society of Black Engineers. Donyel is now an active volunteer for V Foundation.
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  • Jennifer Blatnik is vice president of cloud, security and enterprise portfolio marketing at Juniper Networks with focus on enterprise deployments of security, routing, switching, and SDN products, as well as cloud solutions. She has more than 20 years of experience helping enterprises solve network security challenges. Before joining Juniper, Jennifer served multiple roles at Cisco Systems, Inc., including directing product management for security technologies aimed at small to medium enterprises, as well as supporting managed services, cloud service architectures and go-to-market strategies. She holds a B.A. in Computer Science from University of California, Berkeley.
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  • I have been in the networking industry for over 35 years: PBXs, SNA, Muxes, ATM, routers, switches, optical - I've seen it all. Twelve years in the US, over 25 in Europe, at companies like AT&T, IBM, Bay Networks, Nortel Networks and Dimension Data. Since 2007 I have been at Juniper, focusing on solutions and services: solving business problems via products and projects. Our market is characterized by amazing technological innovations, but technology is no use if you cannot get it to work and keep it working. That is why services are so exciting: this is where the technology moves out of the glossy brochures and into the real world! Follow me on Twitter: @JoeAtJuniper For more about me, go to my LinkedIn profile:
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  • Mike Marcellin is Senior Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer, leading the global marketing team responsible for marketing Juniper’s product and services portfolio and stewarding the brand, driving preference for Juniper in the market, training our partners and account teams, and developing a differentiated information experience for our customers. Before joining the global marketing organization, Marcellin led business strategy and marketing for Juniper’s industry-leading portfolio of high-performance routing, switching and security products. Prior to joining Juniper in 2010, Marcellin served as Vice President of Global Managed Solutions for Verizon, where he oversaw product development and marketing of its managed IP networking, hosting, security and IT solutions for businesses around the world. He also served as Vice President of Global Product Marketing for Verizon Business, executive director of Verizon Business’ IP and Ethernet portfolio as well as leading the company’s eCRM marketing division. Marcellin began his career with MCI in 1994. Marcellin is a Board Member for the Telecommunications Industry Association and a Board Member of US Ignite, an NSF-sponsored initiative. Marcellin holds two patents and was a Rodman Scholar at the University of Virginia, where he received a bachelor of science degree with distinction in systems engineering. He is based in Sunnyvale, California.
  • I love the intracacy and intimacy of succesful communications. Why and how people engage with each other is fascinating. I am also consumed with the way IT changes behaviours, values and expectations in society. I bring this sense of wonder to my role in EMEA Service Provider Marketing Programs at Juniper Networks. Down time: My passions are music, reading, politics, Derby County and playing the guitar (and the harmonica). You can follow me elsewhere: twitter: @neilpound my personal blog: my LinkedIn account: Neil Pound
  • Paul Obsitnik is Vice President of Service Provider Marketing for Juniper Networks Platform Systems Division (PSD), responsible for the marketing of Juniper’s portfolio of high performance routing, switching, and data center fabric products to Service Providers globally. Paul's team is responsible for marketing strategy, product marketing, go-to-market planning, and competitive analysis worldwide for the Service Provider segment. Obsitnik has extensive experience in marketing, sales and business development positions with a proven track record in creating technology markets. He has served in senior marketing and sales management positions at several companies including BridgeWave Communications, ONI Systems, NorthPoint Communications and 3Com. Paul holds a Bachelor of Science with Honors in Electrical Engineering from the United States Naval Academy and a Master of Business Administration from the Harvard Graduate School of Business. Obsitnik is based in Sunnyvale, California.
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