Update: Since initially reporting on this incident more than 24 hours ago, it has since come to light that there are now two additional developer accounts that have unofficially been suspended by Google in connection with the original Myournet (also referred to as “DroidDream”). These 2 additional developer accounts are “we20090202″ and “kingmail2010″. An additional 35 applications are now known to have existed in the official Android Market that would fall under the umbrella of the Myournet family of pirated and trojanized applications.
Additionally, the ISP hosting the third-party server that was being used to send the device-identifying-data has taken that server offline. The URL that was serving this functionality was at “http://188.8.131.52:8080/[Redacted]” and was being served by an ISP called Hurricane Electric (http://www.he.net/), in Fremont, California. The ISP was quick to respond to requests to disconnect this server.
Juniper’s Junos Pulse Mobile Security Suite detected Myournet preceding the public release of this malware. Our Advanced Spyware detection for Android was already detecting similar spyware and the identifiers we used for the original spyware apply directly to Myournet and its variants. So, protecting our customers didn’t require an update to be pushed. The heuristic/Advanced Spyware capability of the Junos Pulse Mobile Security Suite provided the needed zero day protection, as designed.
The full list of applications that are known to be affected by the Myournet trojans are:
From Developer “we20090202″:
Advanced Sound Manager
Magic Hypnotic Spiral
Color Blindness Test
Tie a Tie
Basketball Shot Now
Quick Delete Contacts
Omok Five in a Row
Super Sexy Ringtones
From Developer “Kingmail2010″:
Advanced Barcode Scanner
Supre Bluetooth Transfer
Task Killer Pro
Sexy Girls: Japanese
Advanced File Manager
Magic Strobe Light
Advanced App to SD
Super Stopwatch & Timer
Advanced Compass Leveler
Best password safe
From Developer “Myournet”:
Super Guitar Solo
Super History Eraser
Super Ringtone Maker
Super Sex Positions
Hot Sexy Videos
Hilton Sex Sound
Screaming Sexy Japanese Girls
Falling Ball Dodge
Advanced Currency Converter
The full list of Android package names is as follows:
The most advanced Android malware to hit the streets has been uncovered inside the Android Market. Analysis indicates that several techniques for accessing data, opening back doors, installing unauthorized code and rooting an Android device have all been put together to make up the most capable and advanced Trojan to affect the Android platform to date.
Research indicates that a developer by the name of “Myournet” has pirated at least 21 legitimate Android applications in the Android Market. In doing so, this developer has packed the legitimate applications with some amazing capabilities. To begin, the pirated and trojanized applications have the ability to root an Android device using the ‘rageagainstthecage’ root exploit to allow the trojan access to data and services only obtained with root access. Tucked inside the malicious code is the following string: “CVE-2010-EASY Android local root exploit (C) 2010 by 743C”
But that’s just the beginning. Once the Myournet applications are installed and have rooted the device, another APK that is tucked inside of the code is installed in the background (see Oberheide’s POC) without alerting the user that it is being installed. This additional package allows the trojan to capture the product ID, model, partner (provider?), language, country, and userID configured on the device. This information is then transmitted off of the device to a server in California.
If that’s not enough, Myournet goes further by embedding the ability for the trojan to download and install additional applications at will, all without informing or obtaining permission from the user to do so. At the time of this writing, there are 21 known applications that were pirated and packed with Myournet code:
Falling Down Super Guitar Solo Super History Eraser Photo Editor Super Ringtone Maker Super Sex Positions Hot Sexy Videos Chess 下坠滚球_Falldown Hilton Sex Sound Screaming Sexy Japanese Girls Falling Ball Dodge Scientific Calculator Dice Roller 躲避弹球 Advanced Currency Converter App Uninstaller 几何战机_PewPew Funny Paint Spider Man 蜘蛛侠
Myournet was known to have existed in the official Android Market for at least 4 days. At the time of this writing, Google has been notified and their internal investigation resulted in the ousting of these 21 applications as well as the removal of Myournet’s developer account in less than 5 minutes. However, it would not be difficult for this malicious developer to pay the $25 dollar developer account fee and lie his/her way into another developer account to release the next iteration of their malware.
Even more concerning is the fact that over the 4 day period that Myournet’s pirated and trojanized applications where available in the Android Market, the combined download occurrence of all 21 apps is estimated to be near 50,000 downloads. While Google was quick to react to remove the threats from the Android Market, what is to be done about the estimated 50,000 users who downloaded and installed these applications? Where do they go to get their data back?
At this point, you might be wondering what type of technical expertise it took to identify Myournet in the Market. It was simple. A security researcher was simply looking for an application in the Market when he stumbled upon the fact that there were, what appeared to be, two identical applications from different developers. Further investigation led to the revelation that the developer Myournet had released several applications that appeared to be identical to various free applications from different developers. All it took was this a bit of suspicion from this researcher that led him to actually pull down the pirated apps and begin taking a look at them. A bit of fancy analysis from someone in the know, and the proverbial beans began to spill.
We mention this last part because these are the things that average consumers need to ensure they are doing when they are looking to download an application. Just do a tiny bit of due diligence in ensuring you’re getting the real thing from the official app stores before you install them.
If you’re sideloading apps from 3rd party stores, it gets much more difficult to ensure that they are legitimate applications. While Google and the Android Market are getting slammed for their open approach with no real review process, they have always acted swiftly to remove overtly malicious applications from their dissemination as soon as they are notified and it is confirmed. This does not mean that anyone should rely on Google or BlackBerry or even Apple to guarantee the validity of the applications in their marketplace.
Users that are not yet leveraging a client anti-virus product on their smartphone must rely solely on their own ability to determine if an application is legitimate or malicious. How many average consumers out there have a lot of confidence in their ability to get it right every time? It’s just the integrity of your device, your data, your personal life and possibly your finances that are at stake here…
Title: Senior Vice President and General Manager of the Branch Solutions Business Unit
Area of Responsibility: Driving Juniper business including strategy, revenue/profitability, products and execution for this segment of SLT's overall portfolio, specifically comprehensive solutions for the small to medium size locations of large, distributed enterprises.
Alex joined Juniper in February 2008 after more than five years at Extreme Networks, where he served as Chief Operating Officer from mid 2002 through 2006, and the last year as VP and GM of Extreme's high-end switching business and core engineering operations. During his tenure at Extreme Alex led programs which established essential product lifecycle and quality systems, completely refreshed the product portfolio, significantly improved product and service quality and margins, and streamlined the supply chain.
Prior to Extreme Alex served as Chief Operating Officer for LCG Wireless (acquired by ADC Telecommunications), SVP Business Operations for ReplayTV, and earlier spent eight years in various executive roles with Octel Communications (acquired by Lucent Technologies) as CIO, SVP Business Operations, and SVP and GM of Enterprise Messaging. Alex holds a bachelors and masters degree in electrical engineering from Washington University in St. Louis.
Bill is the Director of Federal Certifications and Policy at Juniper Networks. In this role, Bill focuses on several areas unique to the needs of Federal Government customers, including product certifications, IPv6, and security. Bill came to Juniper Networks in January 2008 after more than 20 years in the IT community working with commercial enterprise customers, service providers, and the US Federal Government.
Bill started his career as an engineering officer in the US Air Force after graduating with a Bachelor of Aerospace Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Bill has an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.
Brad Minnis, CPP is the Senior Director of Corporate Environmental, Health, Safety & Security for Juniper Networks, Inc. based in Sunnyvale, CA, where he is responsible for strategic design, implementation and management of the company’s security, safety, environment, crisis management and business continuity functions. He also leads the company’s efforts in corporate citizenship and sustainability, and manages the Corporation’s government-related security programs.
Mr. Minnis has over 30 years experience in the Silicon Valley and has managed EHSS operations for a number of high tech companies, including Juniper Networks, 3Com Corporation, and National Semiconductor Corporation.
Mr. Minnis’ specialties include security management, supply chain and product integrity, anti-counterfeit, occupational health and safety and crisis management. In his role as Cyber Incident Response Team Leader for Juniper, Mr. Minnis has managed numerous high impact cyber-related incidents and cross-functional responses.
Mr. Minnis served for ten years in the United States Navy and has served in leadership positions the International Security Management Association (ISMA) and ASIS International, serving as Chairman of the San Francisco Chapter in 2003. He has also co-written several publications on software integrity assurance and supply chain security with organizations such as SAFECode.
Mr. Minnis is certified as a Protection Professional by the Professional Certification Board of ASIS International and attended the University of Connecticut, where he received two certificates in Environmental, Health and Safety
François Prowse is a Senior Systems Engineer for Juniper Networks, based in Brisbane Australia. Francois joined Juniper in 2006 as part of the New Zealand SE team, subsequently relocating to Australia. Prior to Juniper, Francois worked for four years at Alcatel in both operational and architectural roles, being jointly responsible for the construction of New Zealands' largest MPLS core network. Prior to Alcatel, Francois worked at UUnet, focusing on core network expansion in Europe. In all previous roles JUNOS has been the driving factor behind day to day operations, providing him with over 8 years of operational experience. Francois is a Juniper Networks Certified Internet Expert (JNCIE #144) which he obtained prior to joining Juniper Networks.
Greg Sidebottom is a Senior Engineering Manager in the Identity and Policy Management business unit at Juniper Networks. Greg has spent the last decade plus conceptualizing, architecting, designing, and leading the implementation of Juniper's SDX and SRC families of policy based service management applications. Previous to this, Greg held positions in the software and networking industries at Siemens, Cognos, Nortel, GTE labs subsidiary MPR Teltech, and the Alberta Research Council. Greg is an author of eight invention disclosures resulting in two patents issued and three pending. Greg holds a B.Sc. in Computer Science for the University of Calgary and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Computing Science from Simon Fraser University.
Senior Product Line Manager – CTP Products Juniper Networks.
Jim Kelly is the senior product line manager for the CTP products where he is responsible for the CTP product direction, marketing and circuit emulation applications within Juniper Networks. Mr. Kelly has more than 28 years of experience in the networking industry in technical roles, sales, marketing, and product management positions. He started his career in the United States Air Force. He has worked for Wang, Digital Telecom Systems, American Airlines, Network Equipment Technologies, Carrier Access, and Nortel Networks. He started Juniper Networks federal DoD sales in July 2000 and joined Juniper Networks again in October 2005 through the acquisition of Acorn Packet Solutions where he was the director of sales and marketing.
Justin Ryburn is a Senior Systems Engineer at Juniper Networks. He holds an MBA and a MS in IT Management from Webster University as well as numerous industry certifications. Justin contributed content for Cyber Forensics (Auerbach Publishing, 2007) and spoke on BGP Flowspec at NANOG63. Prior to joining Juniper, Justin held various operations, engineering, and sales engineering positions over his 15-year career with companies such Savvis, Nortel, XO, and Charter.
I am currently a Sr. Product Marketing Manager specializing in Juniper's Security Portfolio in the Service Provider industry. I am an experienced senior technical leader, technical marketing engineer, solutions architect, and product marketing manager with over 20 years of Internet and Enterprise industry experience developing solutions from scratch often in relation with business units and technology groups, my projects ranged from product, solution, and technology development to corporate technology strategies. I have strong analytical skills and I am able to crunch and articulate complex technology to a variety of audience knowledge levels. I possess a deep hands-on technology and business knowledge of Service Provider and Enterprise architectures with deployment hands-on skills. I also bring a unique perspective of open source philosophy, including but not limited to open innovation, software development methodologies, open source monetization and business models, and licensing and compliance in software integration. I am a strategic leader with proved ability to empower a team to improve their product, themselves, their team, and our company’s market position.
30 Years in Book Publishing, 20 years in Technical Book Publishing, including Apple Developer Press, Adobe Press, Nokia Developer Books, Palm Books, and since 2001, almost 10 years as consulting editor/editor in chief for Juniper Networks Book. Joined the company and started the Day One book line and in 2011, the new This Week book line.
Rajoo Nagar is a senior manager in product marketing at Juniper Networks. She is responsible for product marketing for Juniper's security solutions. Rajoo is a published author, her book “Telecom Service Rollouts” was published by McGraw Hill Professional.
I'm a Product Line Manager in the Security Business Unit working on all things intrusion prevention-related. I've been in the security field since 1994 working on diverse projects such as developing HP's public-key infrastructure (PKI), building the first protocol anomaly-based IDS at Recourse Technologies (acquired by Symantec), integrating vulnerability management and IDS at VM vendor nCircle and managing IPS products at Cisco and Juniper.
Jonathan Looney is a Senior Staff Courseware Developer at Juniper Networks. Before joining Juniper, he performed network engineering for a large enterprise, a regional ISP, and an application service provider (ASP). The holder of several industry certifications, he enjoys the freedom his job at Juniper gives him to both continually learn and also to share his knowledge with others through a wide range of media.
Scott is the Director of Product Marketing for Mobile Security at Juniper Networks. In his 20+ years in high tech, Scott has worked on Mobile and Endpoint Security, Network Security, IPS, Managed Services, Network Infrastructure, Co-location, Microprocessor Architecture, Unix Servers and Network Adapters. He has held leadership roles at Check Point, McAfee, Symantec, Exodus Communications, Cable & Wireless, Savvis, and HP.
Sherry Ryan is IT Vice President and CISO of Juniper Networks. Previously, Sherry held similar positions at Blue Shield of California, Hewlett-Packard, Safeway and Levi Strauss where she established and led their information security programs. Sherry holds the Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) certification from ISACA and the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) certification from ISC2. She is a member of the High Tech Crime Investigation Association (HTCIA) and the Information Systems Security Association (ISSA).
Sherry has a bachelor's degree in Business Administration from the University of Redlands, and earned her MBA from the College of Notre Dame.